Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.

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In Finland parents have 10 months parental leave (appr. 2/3 of wage) and after the 10 months care allowances (from 300 to 500 Euros per month) until child turns 3. Child benefit (about 100 euros per month) is paid from each child until they turn 17. Parents also have a subjective right to day-care. Depending on the family income it costs from 0 to 200 Euros per month. In Finland school and higher education are free.

Figure 1 tells how the five Nordic countries have organized their parental leaves. Paternity leave is missing from the figure, though. Usually fathers can have two weeks of paternity leave after delivery (three in Finland). In Norway fathers do not receive financial compensation for paternal leave. Iceland does not have a separate paternity leave.

Figure 2 shows that the number of fathers having a parental and/or paternity leave has increased in Finland lately. However, it is still mostly mothers' job to take care of the children at home.

Figure 3 represents the changes in births of first, second and third child in Finland from 1982 to 2006. The figure shows how care leave affected fertility. In 1990 it became possible for the parents of under 3-year-olds to have a child care leave. In order to have the leave, the child must not be enrolled in municipal day-care.

Figures by Anneli Miettinen / Population Research Institute