The Population Research Institute carries out research on family relations and family formation, fertility and wellbeing in families. We provide information on Finnish families for the academic community  as well as for professionals and media working in the field.

Current research

The annual  Family Barometer (in Finnish) is published with financial support from the Alli Paasikivi foundation, see their topics below.

In Linked lives, we use international longitudinal studies to study family and friendship ties across the life course. Our project is part of the MIND programme of the Academy of Finland and concentrates on peer relationship dyads: spouses; siblings; and friends.

FamiliesAndSocieties is a EU research consortium  investigating the trends in and diversity of family forms, relationships and life courses across Europe. The Finnish contribution includes studies of  childlessness; single mothers; and union formation and dissolution.

Precarious family formation project explores trends in family formation in three world regions: Northern Europe (Finland), South Asia (India) and East Asia (China). Investigating intentions and prospects regarding union formation and fertility of young men and women, with a focus on the lower social classes.

Fraternity Friendship Study is a prospective longitudinal study of friendship and group formation

Digital well-being in families is a research and development project that aims to produce knowledge and material about digital well-being for multiple societal actors.

Family Barometers

- The 2017 Family Barometer identifies the reasons why young adults postpone parenthood
- The 2016 Family Barometer studies sexual behaviour and wellbeing in Finland.
- The 2015 Family Barometer explores childbearing intentions in Finland.
- The 2014 Family Barometer studies Finnish family policy in a European perspective.
- The 2013 Family Barometer explores marital satisfaction and divorces, uniquely with representative data from both marriages and cohabitation, and including a comparison between Finnish-speaking and Swedish-speaking marriages.
- The 2012 Family Barometer presents results from the first  representative survey of mixed marriages (one spouse finnish-born, the other not) in Finland
- The 2011 Family Barometer studied time use in families with children. We participate in the new Time use survey coordinated by Statistics Finland and can compare developments across three data collection waves 1989-2010.
- The 2010 Family Barometer focused on attitudes and opinions related to family policy measures. We use data from a representative survey conducted in late 2009.
- The 2009 Family barometer presented relationship satisfaction in couples with materials from the FINSEX surveys.
- The 2008 Family barometer explained postponement of childbearing with the Late fertility survey.

Late fertility: postponement of parenthood and its implications
Postponement of parenthood is a common trend among industrialized countries. It has important consequencies for the families and individuals as well as for the society. In a survey in 2006, partly repeated in 2015, we investigate childbearing intentions and barriers among Finnish young adults, childlessness and parenthood motivations. The 2008 survey questionnaire is available in English here: Late fertility survey questionnaire in English (pdf)

Social history of abortions in Finland, 1950–1972
Väestöliitto's social board granted permissions for induced abortions in the 1950–70s. We study the social history of abortions in collaboration with the unit for economic and social history at the University of Helsinki. More information: Anna Rotkirch (, Miina Keski-Petäjä (  and Ellen Jabai (