FINSEX-research project has followed up already for decades the evolution in sexual issues among the general population in Finland. Special interest in this monitoring has focused on sexual attitudes, sexual desires, sexual behaviors, sexual problems and sexual pleasures. There are more than 30 indicators that have been followed up. Some of indicators that are related to experiences in youth can be monitored as long as 50 years. The latest nationwide sex survey was conducted in 2015. Reporting of this data is ongoing. The latest results of FINSEX study have been published in 2016.

National FINSEX-sex surveys of sexual issues in Finland:



Age group

Number of

Response rate

1971Sievers, Koskelainen, Leppo18-54 -vuotiaat2 15291,4
1992Kontula, Haavio-Mannila18-74 -vuotiaat2 25075,9
1999Kontula, Haavio-Mannila18-81 -vuotiaat1 49645,8
2007Kontula18-74 -vuotiaat259043,4
2015Kontula18-79 -vuotiaat215036,0

FINSEX research project has studied also sexual autobiographies (sexual life stories) and published several books based on that material. The information of sexual issues collected in Finland has been compared to data sets and studies conducted in other European countries. In the previous round of reporting results were compared to Sweden, Estonia and St. Petersburg, and in the last round to nine other European countries.


Kontula Osmo. 2015. Sex Life Challenges: The Finnish Case. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 21. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 665–671.

Kontula, Osmo: Sexuality Among Older Adults. In International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality (Ed. Amanda K. Baumle). International Handbooks of Population. Volume 5. Springer 2013. pp. 195 – 214.

Kontula, Osmo & Haavio-Mannila, Elina, 2009. The Impact of Aging on Human Sexual Activity and Sexual
Desire. The Journal of Sex Research 46:1:46-56.

Kontula, Osmo: Between Sexual Desire and Reality: The Evolution of Sex in Finland. The Family Federation of Finland: The Population Research Institute D49/2009. Helsinki 2009.

Haavio-Mannila, Elina & Kontula, Osmo. 2003. Sexual Trends in the Baltic Sea Area. Helsinki: Population Research Institute, Family Federation of Finland.

Haavio-Mannila, Elina & Kontula, Osmo & Rotkirch, Anna. 2002. Sexual Lifestyles in the Twentieth Century: A Research Study. Hampshire & New York: Palgrave.

More information: Research Professor Osmo Kontula, firstname.lastname @, 09-2280 5123; 040-5827369