Guest lecture by Gunnar Andersson: Fertility in the Nordic Countries


Gunnar Andersson


Why is fertility falling in Finland? Do we see similar trends in the other Nordic countries? Welcome to discuss these topics on Tuesday, January 21st at 13-15, Think Corner’s Stage. (Ylioistonkatu 4)

Gunnar Andersson, Professor of Stockholm University, gives a lecture about Developments in Period and Cohort Fertility in the Nordic Countries.

The lecture is followed by a discussion about the decline in Finnish fertility.

Professor Heikki Hiilamo (THL and University of Helsinki), researcher Anneli Miettinen (Kela) and professor Gunnar Andersson (SUDA) discuss the causes of the phenomenon and the possible policy responses in a panel led by Väestöliitto's research professor Anna Rotkirch.

Place: Think Corner, Stage (Ylipistonkatu 4, Helsinki)
Time: 21.1.2020, 1-3pm.

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Period and Cohort Fertility Change in the Nordic Countries (abstract)

The Nordic countries have been renowned for their systems of social and gender equality, as well as their so far relatively high fertility. Some of these patterns are now set to change: The 2010s saw declines in period fertility, which accelerated during the very last years of the decade. Three out of five Nordic countries now observe all-time lows in their total fertility and Finland has experienced the most dramatic decline.

Ongoing research demonstrates a striking similarity in underlying fertility reactions across the Nordic countries, with lower parities contributing most strongly to fertility trends. However, the ongoing declines are still a conundrum that motivates new research based on new types of data. Behind the patterns of falling fertility rates, we can also observe a pattern where cohort fertility and levels of ultimate childlessness have remained relatively stable over recent cohorts of Nordic women and men. Finland deviates somewhat with its higher levels of childlessness. It remains to be seen whether period decline or cohort stability will dominate future fertility developments.

Why are birth rates in Sweden falling?

Fewer and fewer children are being born in Sweden, while the average age of first-time mothers is rising. The latest figures from Statistics Sweden show that fertility rates in Sweden have fallen every year since 2009, and that the average age at first birth is the highest over a very long time. But none of the explanations researchers referred to in the past seem to be sufficient this time. So how can this development be explained?

Read more on SUDA's webpage: Why are birth rates in Sweden falling?